Sustainability has become more of a priority for developers when considering their design for urban planning. These practices help reduce the ecological damage from a development. Many of these types of developments are popular in Japan, China, and Europe, yet, they are slowly appearing in the US.
Two examples of these districts exist in Mid-Town Atlanta and the Audubon Park Garden District in Orlando, FL. These areas encourage the reduction of traffic, healthy living, and more creative environment. Residents desires are changing, and the idea of Ecodistricts have become more favorable. People prefer grocery stores in walking distance and safe bike lanes. Catering the residents needs create neighborhood retention and a sense of community.
The following principals can be found in Ecodistricts development projects:
- Multi-modality – supports lifestyles that promote pedestrian, bicycle, and transit use
- Water conservation – harvests rainwater, storm water, and condensate for reuse
- Alternative energy – uses solar, turbine, or other natural sources to generate energy
- Health – promotes health and encourages walking and resource sharing
- Building materials – avoids the use of hazardous materials
- Daylight equity – design workspaces within 30 feet of large, operable windows
- Aesthetics – architecture must be beautiful, innovative, contextually sensitive, and create a sense of neighborhood identity and ownership